Documentation >> Hardware Acceleration

Hardware Acceleration

Some processors (CPUs) support hardware-accelerated AES encryption,* which is typically 4-8 times faster than encryption performed by the purely software implementation on the same processors.
By default, VeraCrypt uses hardware-accelerated AES on computers that have a processor where the Intel AES-NI instructions are available. Specifically, VeraCrypt uses the AES-NI instructions that perform so-called AES rounds (i.e. the main portions of the AES algorithm).** VeraCrypt does not use any of the AES-NI instructions that perform key generation.
Note: By default, VeraCrypt uses hardware-accelerated AES also when an encrypted Windows system is booting or resuming from hibernation (provided that the processor supports the Intel AES-NI instructions).
To find out whether VeraCrypt can use hardware-accelerated AES on your computer, select Settings > Performance/Driver Configuration and check the field labeled 'Processor (CPU) in this computer supports hardware acceleration for AES'.
To find out whether a processor you want to purchase supports the Intel AES-NI instructions (also called "AES New Instructions"), which VeraCrypt uses for hardware-accelerated AES, please check the documentation for the processor or contact the vendor/manufacturer. Alternatively, click here to view an official list of Intel processors that support the AES-NI instructions. However, note that some Intel processors, which the Intel website lists as AES-NI-supporting, actually support the AES-NI instructions only with a Processor Configuration update (for example, i7-2630/2635QM, i7-2670/2675QM, i5-2430/2435M, i5-2410/2415M). In such cases, you should contact the manufacturer of the motherboard/computer for a BIOS update that includes the latest Processor Configuration update for the processor.
If you want to disable hardware acceleration of AES (e.g. because you want VeraCrypt to use only a fully open-source implementation of AES), you can do so by selecting Settings > Performance and Driver Options and disabling the option 'Accelerate AES encryption/decryption by using the AES instructions of the processor'. Note that when this setting is changed, the operating system needs to be restarted to ensure that all VeraCrypt components internally perform the requested change of mode. Also note that when you create a VeraCrypt Rescue Disk, the state of this option is written to the Rescue Disk and used whenever you boot from it (affecting the pre-boot and initial boot phase). To create a new VeraCrypt Rescue Disk, select System > Create Rescue Disk.


* In this chapter, the word 'encryption' also refers to decryption.
** Those instructions are AESENC, AESENCLAST, AESDEC, and AESDECLAST and they perform the following AES transformations: ShiftRows, SubBytes, MixColumns, InvShiftRows, InvSubBytes, InvMixColumns, and AddRoundKey (for more details about these transformations, see [3]).